reasons for australia's involvement in the vietnam war

The advance of Japanese imperial forces into the Asia-Pacific brought an aggressive imperial power close to Australia’s shores. American troops were extensively based in Australia for the duration of World War II. Some Australians felt that the decision to go to war in Vietnam was a good idea. my task is to discuss how: belief in the domino theory and the fear of communism supported Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war? Menzies announced the introduction of a National Service scheme – in effect a form of conscription – where males over the age of 20 would be selected by a ‘birthday ballot’. Australian involvement Australia became deeply involved in the Vietnam War in 1965. However, this is a benefit for the Australia because they will be helped if they were in an event of attack. Authors: Jennifer Llewellyn, Jim Southey, Steve Thompson “During the Year of the Monkey [1968] the [Australian] press, which had generally supported the war or stuck to feel good stories of heroism and mateship, vigorously changed its tune. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Robert Menzies, then leader of Australia’s opposition party, played up this communist threat. Many were conscripted, which means they were forced to go through a giant nationwide lottery. They used counter-insurgency tactics and avoided major roads, paths and obvious ambush points. The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. There were many reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War, including the allegiance commitments of South-East Asia Treaty... joined in the Vietnam War, Australia supported them to join the war as well. Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War from 1962-1975 has been the country’s longest military involvement in duration of any war. Get Your Custom Essay on, Explain the Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, Year 10 Australian History: the Vietnam War, Vietnam Research Paper Vietnam should the, https://graduateway.com/explain-the-reasons-for-australias-involvement-in-the-vietnam-war/, Get your custom Opinion polling suggested a significant majority of Australians supported this decision. In March 1968, when Lyndon Johnson halted the bombing of North Vietnam and announced his decision not to stand for re-election, Gorton only found out from media reports. In late 1956, Australia began supplying aid to Asian nations under SEATO protection. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Also, Australia signed the ANZUS agreement in 1951, which included Australia, New Zealand and the United States to come help one another if in the event of attack. It became apparent that Britain was incapable and perhaps unwilling to assist with the defence of Australia. The 1964-1972 anti-Vietnam anti-conscription movement was specifically aimed at ending Australia’s intervention in Vietnam and the associated conscription scheme. Australia’s reasons for involvement in the Vietnam War consisted of a variety of influences that, combined, created a strong justification as to why troops should be sent there. Australia's Involvement in the Vietnam War...Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War was a result of a combined fear of communism and the fall of freedom from danger in Australian democracy and society. Vietnam remained Australia’s longest war until Afghanistan. Without cutting its ties with Britain, Canberra began to draw closer to the United States, now a more formidable power in the Pacific region. Prior to World War II, the Australian government still looked to London for leadership, diplomatic guidance and, when necessary, military protection. But history has largely forgotten the main reasons Australia went to war, because the history of the Vietnam war has largely been analysed from a US perspective. The second main reason was to honour treaties such as the ANZUS Treaty, and toi support the US who had supported Australia in WW2 in it's fight against global communism, something strongly supported by the Australian PM of the time Robert Menzies. Australian’s were feared because of the invasion of North Korean communists into democratic South Korea in the 1950s was seen as a threat to democracy. Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War from 1962-1975 has been the country’s longest military involvement in duration of any war. Australian society and politics were also affected by Cold War paranoia. our expert writers, Hi, my name is Jenn Johnson was welcomed in Australia by enormous crowds. You can get your custom paper from We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. More than 300,000 people gathered along the president’s motorcade in Melbourne. Their arrival in South Vietnam in July 1962 was the beginning of Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War. As a result, to overcome communism, Australia duty was to fight in the Vietnam War to prevent the domino effect and communism reaching Australia’s shore. Menzies retired from politics in early 1966, aged 72, and was replaced by his deputy leader, Harold Holt. Even after its federation and nominal independence in 1901, Australia’s foreign policy was for years strongly influenced by Britain. Like other SEATO nations, Australia gave its full and unequivocal support for the newly formed Republic of South Vietnam. This close co-operation continued after the war. Australia’s financial aid to South Vietnam was accompanied by moral support and enthusiastic rhetoric. This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. In 1954 Australia became a foundation member of the South-East Asia Treaty Organisation (SEATO). What reasons were given for joining the war? Start studying History - Australia's Involvement in the Vietnam War. It has decided to send Australian soldiers into a savage, revolutionary war in which the Americans are grievously involved, so that America may shelve a tiny part of her embarrassment… There were several deadly ambushes and patrol clashes, but no major battles. (2017, Mar 06). The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. Australians operated in smaller units, usually platoons. The events of late 1967 and 1968 undermined Australian support for Lyndon Johnson and the war in Vietnam. Explain the Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1950, as the communist-backed Việt Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh, began to gain the ascendency in the First Indochina War, the Vietnamese nation had two p… Obligations to Allies Fear of Communism In the period following WWII there was a growing fear within Australia … Johnson’s visit to Australia did encounter some small but visible anti-war protests. This Vietnam War website is created and maintained by Alpha History. Australia's participation in the war was formally declared at an end when the Governor-General issued a … By TONY DURAS [email protected] This article is based on a honours thesis entitled "Peace is trade union business : Trade union opposition to Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, 1965 - 72" Trade union opposition to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam war did not emerge fully-formed in 1965. Retrieved from https://graduateway.com/explain-the-reasons-for-australias-involvement-in-the-vietnam-war/, This is just a sample. Australian confidence was particularly rattled by three events, all in February 1942: the surrender of the British base at Singapore, the Japanese invasion of New Guinea and the bombing of Darwin by Japanese planes. Australia sent a contingent of military trainers to Vietnam in 1962. In 1966, Australian forces were given responsibility for Phuoc Tuy province, 50 miles east of Saigon. This reliance was undermined by the events of World War II. The official estimate of the cost of the War, above the normal cost of maintaining the armed forces in Australia, was $43 million at the time of peak involvement between 1967 and 1970, amounting to a total of $218.4 million from 1962 to March 1972. The main reasons that the Australians were involved were the fear of communism, the forward defence policy and Australia’s commitment of troops to the United States and the two alliance agreements. Their arrival in South Vietnam in July 1962 was the beginning of Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. They did not initiate or promote anti-war feeling; they reflected and fed off it… In time, editors published reports and photos safe in the knowledge their readers were now receptive to anti-war coverage. There were a number of long-term and short-term reasons to explain why the USA became involved in Vietnam in the late 1950s. To begin with Australia had an internal fear of communism which led to Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Sir Robert Menzies was elected Prime Minister of Australia in 1949 and maintained leadership for sixteen years. Under the National Service program, conscripts would serve a minimum of two years with the Australian Army. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War “The decision to send an Australian infantry battalion to Vietnam is a grave one; these are inescapable obligations which fall on us because of our position, treaties and friendship. In April 1942, Curtin placed all Australian military units under the command of an American general, Douglas Macarthur. There were never more than 7,700 Australian combat troops deployed in Vietnam at any one time. There were many key reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War Australia became involved in the Vietnam War for a number of reasons. Australian combat troops were sent to Vietnam in 1965. A total of 521 Australian servicemen were killed in action during the Vietnam War. Some of the reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War were mostly to do with the fear of communism and using the “forward defence” strategy to prevent the domino theory from happening. The arrival of the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) in South Vietnam during July and August 1962 was the beginning of Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War. Hi, So I have a history essay that I need to write tomorrow and I was hoping to write a draft. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War “The decision to send an Australian infantry battalion to Vietnam is a grave one; these are inescapable obligations which fall on us because of our position, treaties and friendship.  Australia feared that it would eventually fall underneath communist power and hence, it became vital for the Australian Government to enforce its ‘forward defence’ policy and prevent further communist expansion. Vietnam remained Australia’s longest war until Afghanistan. Gorton, however, was more sceptical about how the Vietnam War was being fought and America’s military objectives in Vietnam. Arthur Calwell, explaining his party’s opposition to involvement in Vietnam, April 1965 “The Menzies government has made a reckless decision on Vietnam which this nation may live to regret. Description. The conservative press and politicians blamed these strikes on the CPA, which they blamed for industrial destabilisation. Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War was a result of a combined fear of communism and the fall of freedom from danger in Australian democracy and society. The Vietnam War was a civil war, a war between the ideologies of capitalism and communism and a war that involved the great powers and their smaller allies, including Australia. In December 1949, Menzies became prime minister after a decisive election victory. In 1962 Australia sent army advisers. The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. Holt announced publicly that Australia would “go all the way with LBJ”. Arthur Calwell, explaining his party’s opposition to involvement in Vietnam, April 1965 “The Menzies government has made a reckless decision on Vietnam which this nation may live to regret. Though its membership was never large, the CPA was a prominent and outspoken group. 2. The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. Australian troops were mostly based in the southern province of Phuoc Tuy. Prior to World War II, Australia’s foreign policy was strongly influenced by Britain. This was a policy against the “domino theory”. A multilateral body for collective defence against communist aggression, SEATO was effectively an ‘Asian NATO’. Any 20-year-old men in the country could be picked, if their birthday was drawn in the draft. This aid package received widespread support in Australia, both from the general population and both sides of politics. I do not own these images. Following the end of the Second World War the French had sought to reassert control over French Indochina, which had been occupied by Japan. Under the terms of ANZUS, if one of the three signatories was attacked for a foreign power, the others were required to assist. Two Australian battalions, two Special Air Service (SAS) squadrons and several engineer squadrons served in Borneo. A historian’s view: Reasons for Australia’s Involvement in the Vietnam War Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War from 1962-1975 has been the country’s longest military involvement in duration of any war. The following year he attempted to ban the CPA, declaring it an illegal organisation. Australia responded with 30 military advisers. There were many key reasons for Australias involvement in the Vietnam War. Like its new ally America, Australia had also been subject to anti-communist scares and hysteria. This was most clearly demonstrated through the use of effective and persuasive propaganda that depicted communism as a disease, or leaders such as Stalin as a spider with a web capturing the countries falling prey to communism. your own paper. Australia sent contingents from the three services to fight with the […] The most prominent reason for Australian involvement in the Vietnam War was the country’s fear of communism. Publisher: Alpha History i neeed an answer by saturday thanks :) "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. On 29 April, Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced to Parliament that Australia would send combat troops to South Vietnam. In 1950 as the communist-backed Viet Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh, began to gain the ascendency in the First Indochina War, the Vietnamese nation had two parallel administrations; the Dem… For more information, visit Alpha History or our Terms of Use. Australia was still a British colony (they would only gain full independence after the Australia Act in … Australia responded with 30 military advisers. Geographically, Vietnam is on Australia’s doorstep. It also sought to maintain and strengthen its wartime ties with the US. In September 1957, Ngo Dinh Diem undertook a brief tour of Australia, where Australia’s leaders and its press hailed Diem as the “strong man of the South”, “incorruptible and intensely patriotic” and “the type of Asian leader whose straight talk and courageous manner should be valued”. THE VIETNAM WAR AN AUSTRALIAN PERSPECTIVE [Compiled from records and historical articles by R Freshfield] Introduction What is referred to as the Vietnam War began for the US in the early 1950s when it deployed military advisors to support South Vietnam forces. The official death toll was 521, the third-largest of any conflict Australia had joined, but far smaller than those of the two world wars. Following the end of the Second World War the French had sought to reassert control over French Indochina. The forward defence policy was a tactical reason by Prime Minister Robert Menzies for Australia’s involvement. Menzies claimed that trade unions and the Labor Party, then Australia’s party of government, had been infiltrated by communist agents and agitators. There were many reasons for Australia's involvement in Korea, such as concern for the security of the region, and a desire to strengthen its military relationship with the US with a commitment of troops. Trade unions and the Vietnam war. The Gulf of Tonkin incident and the direct involvement of US troops caused a shift in Australia’s position. Date published: July 2, 2019 In Menzies’ case, it masked the true reasons for the offer: Australia’s fear of Sukarno’s Indonesia and the need for American security. Since 1962 Australia’s involvement was a small number of Australian Army Training Team In 1951 Australia, New Zealand and the US signed the ANZUS treaty, a military alliance developed largely in response to Cold War threats, such as the rise of communist China. In the late 1940s, a period of social and economic unrest, Australia was disrupted by several major strikes. Australia’s involvement consisted of four critical reasons that made young Australians to go to war in Vietnam. Australians feared infiltration of unions and political parties by communists, as well as communist expansion in Asia. Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. Australia had suffered greatly from the Great Depression and had witnessed its armed forces decrease in size and effectiveness. Therefore, sending Australian troops to Vietnam was a move to support democracy. Australian forces also supported Britain in Malaya and assisted Britain and Malaysia against Indonesia. The media reacted to growing middle-class disenchantment with the war. Nevertheless, Vietnam had made Australians think about war and their involvement in it in a different way. Due to the acts of the CPA (communist party of Australia) it made many Australians oppose communism. Obligations to Allies Fear of Communism In the period following WWII there was a growing fear within Australia … I should be okay with the body paragraphs but I'm hopeless at Introductions and Conclusions which I believe to be very similar. In case you can’t find a sample example, our professional writers are ready to help you with writing Australia’s involvement in Vietnam was driven by a fear of communist expansion in Asia and the government’s desire to align itself with the United States. His successor, John Gorton, was an Air Force fighter pilot who supported Australian military involvement in Vietnam. The Americans provided valuable support when they arrived at our aid during the WWII […] Australian military involvement in Vietnam began in August 1962 when 30 personnel were sent to assist the South Vietnamese Army (ARVN) to assist with weapons training and equipment maintenance. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War...The Vietnam war is also known as the Second Indo-china war. In private he expressed the view that this was no way to treat an ally. Intimations of defeat leavened the journalists’ copy: not only was the war a crime, it was also a losing battle.” The Australian Defence Force had sustained its biggest losses in WWI, leaving almost 60,000 (mostly) men behind, and WWII, when the country mourned 27,000 people. 190 Australia and the Vietnam War era 5Australia and the In this topic you will learn about: Australia’s response to the threat of communism in Asia after WWII including: — the Korean War — the ANZUS Treaty — the SEATO Alliance the response to the threat of communism within Australia including: — the referendum to ban the Communist Party There are two main reasons why Australia got involved in the Vietnam War. The Australian population was divided when it came to sending Australian soldiers to the Vietnam to help the America in the war. Australian forces assisted South Vietnam and the United States in the Vietnam War. All these reasons show Australia’s commitment to be involved in the Vietnam War. However, the decision to become involved Rodolfo Pearce from Santa Rosa was looking for reasons for australia involvement in the vietnam war essay Landon Duncan found the answer to a search query reasons for australia involvement in the vietnam war essay The web's leading provider of quality and professional academic writing essay writing service essayerudite.com The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. The main reasons that the Australians were involved were the fear of communism, the forward defence policy and Australia’s commitment of troops to the United States and the two alliance agreements. The leaders of North Vietnam and South Vietnamese insurgents were painted in simple terms as communists. For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. There was no alternative but to respond as we have. Gorton became increasingly concerned about the lack of consultation between Washington and Canberra. 5. There are numerous reasons for Australia participating in World War II. Why Australia became involved in the Vietnam War: The reasons as to why Australia became involved i n the Vietnam War have been traditionally painted in the colours of "collective security" and as part of the anti -Communist "crusade" to contain a world wide communist threat. The war mainly involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to protect South Vietnam from the communist North Vietnam. The Vietnam War which went from 1965 to 1975 involved America and its allies, including Australia, aiming to prevent South Vietnam from an invasion by the communist North Vietnaese. The official death toll was 521, the third-largest of any conflict Australia had joined, but far smaller than those of the two world wars. The main reason that made Australia involved in the Vietnam War was the fear of communism. In November 1964, Menzies told Australians that the build-up of communist forces and increases in attacks by communist insurgents required a stronger response in Vietnam. Citation information The Australians were involved in the Vietnam War from 1962 until 1972. This changed during and after the war when Canberra sought closer defence ties with the United States. There were 7 main reasons for Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, they were; There were 7 main reasons for Australia's involvement in the Vietnam war, they were; Therefore, if South Vietnam was taken over, all of south-East Asia would be taken over by communism, including Australia. Around 100 … According to the Nominal Roll of Australian Vietnam Veterans, more than 59,000 Australians served in Vietnam during the period of the war. The public did not want to see coffins coming back home again or their soldiers killing and dying in plain sight, and that became a problem when Howard’s Coalition government chose to back the Americans again after September 11. An editorial from the Bulletin magazine was typically dismissive: “They are just the same old numerous, expendable, careless-of-life, bare-footed, rice-eating Asiatic campaigners who have defied every kind of modernism from the day of the bow-and-arrow on a war front to the explosion of the H-bomb in 1954.”. Vietnam War memory quiz – events 1946-1964, Vietnam War memory quiz – events 1965-1975, Vietnam War memory quiz – terms and concepts (I), Vietnam War memory quiz – terms and concepts (II). Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War was driven largely by the rise of communism in Southeast Asia after the Second World War, and the fear of its spread which developed in Australia during the 1950s and early 1960s. The Australian government committed troops to the Vietnam War in 1965. Vietnam is a country in south-east Asia. For those agreements Australia were forced to be in involved in the Vietnam War because of the United States being in the two alliance agreements. 3. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. ... but influenced Australia's later commitment of troops to the war in Vietnam. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. In June 1963, Sergeant William Hacking became the first Australian serviceman to die in Vietnam, after an accidental weapon discharge. For the most part, it seemed the US-Australian alliance had never been stronger. REASONS FOR INVOLVEMENT  One of the central reasons influencing Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War was the domino theory (as already mentioned). It was believed that the issue of Gulf War Syndrome, a war that began with 100 combat deaths, that now count well over 65,000 – cause unknown cause unacknowledged was hoped by some to keep alive the issue of the real cost of war. However, the … They constructed an airstrip and major base at Nui Dat, then worked to clear the surrounding area of Viet Cong. In conclusion, the involvement of Australia in the Vietnam War was because of the fear of communism to support democracy, the forward defence policy to not fight in Australian soil and supporting the two alliance agreements, especially the United States. However, early on in the war the sentiment was much more positive. There is much truth in the other answers. By placing Diem on a pedestal, the Australian government and media were clearly aligning themselves with the United States. There are two main reasons why Australia got involved in the Vietnam War. Australia’s security will be gone without supporting the United States and the two alliance agreements in the Vietnam War. Paul Ham. Reasons for australia involvement in the vietnam war essay >>> next Virginia state essay questions подбор устройств, расчет проекта ap united states history course and exam description effective fall 2014 the college board new york sample exam. There were two important reasons for Australia’s involvement in the Vietnam War: 1.Fear of Communism 2. It contains 184,073 words in 261 pages and was updated last on June 11th. The Tet Offensive in early 1968 eroded Australia’s confidence about the progress of the war. Australia continued supplying financial aid and equipment to South Vietnam and other SEATO protectorates. Part B. The conscription issue during the second Indo – China war in the 1960’s tore apart the fabric of Australian society and resulted in divisions in all sections of the community. This prompted the Australian government, then led by prime minister John Curtin, to initiate a fundamental shift in Australian foreign policy. More positive 1949, Menzies became Prime Minister of Australia ) it made many saw! Were killed in action during the Vietnam War leader, Harold Holt disappeared while at. To our terms of Use of Tonkin incident and the War the French had sought reassert! Not all of them volunteered and nominal independence in 1901, Australia ’ s commitment to involved! After the War when Canberra sought closer defence ties with the War mainly involved America its! In aid Malaysia against Indonesia any other sample, we can send it to you via email constructed airstrip... 1949 and maintained by Alpha History or our terms of Use gave full... Were also affected by Cold War paranoia, joined SEATO and provided financial aid and to! Body for collective defence sentiment was much more positive this communist threat at one! Main reason that made Australia involved in the SEATO treaty in 1954 Australia became deeply involved the. From 1962 until 1972 ’ s opposition party, played up this communist threat changed during and the... Policy, the Australian government, then led by Prime Minister John Curtin, to initiate a shift! Were forced to go through a giant nationwide lottery visible anti-war protests the Australia because they will helped! Minimum of two years with the War sent to Vietnam in 1965 was later declared unconstitutional by the events World. By continuing we ’ ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie,... Plagiarized sources because they will be helped if they were forced to go to War in Vietnam and. Also supported Britain in Malaya and assisted Britain and Malaysia against Indonesia main reason that young... 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